Setting Up Python Virtual Environments

theUnknown
2 min readMar 1, 2020

A quick HowTo.

venv is a package shipped with Python 3, which you can run using python3 -m venv (although for some reason some distros separate it out into a separate distro package, such as python3-venv on Ubuntu/Debian). It serves the same purpose as virtualenv, but only has a subset of its features (see a comparison here). — source

I use it mainly for two reasons:

  • it isolates the project-related libraries.
  • it doesn’t access the globally installed libraries.

We can think of it as if the project would live on its own island, isolated from the rest of the world, having its own little things going on 🌴

Creating aliases

Before we move on, let’s create some aliases for convenience of use.

If you type which python in terminal, it will print out the path for the python executable, which should be something like this /usr/local/bin/python3.

Then, open ~/.bashprofile you can type cat ~/.bashprofile to open it directly in terminal or use any other way suitable for you. And add there the following line:

alias python=”/usr/local/bin/python3”

Basically, we created an alias python for python3, and what it will do is each time…

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theUnknown

Everything is unknown until it’s known. Self-learner.